Type: Experimental Submarine
Launched: August 1, 1953
At: Portsmouth Naval Shipyard
Commissioned: December 5, 1953
Length: 205 feet, 5 inches
Beam: 27 feet, 4 inches
Draft: 19 feet (forward)
Displacement: 1,692 tons (surfaced)
Complement: 5 officers, 50 enlisted
600 Market Street
Portsmouth, New Hampshire 03801
Fax (603) 436-3680
Latitude: 43.082375, Longitude: -70.766737
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USS Albacore holds a place in history as the first U.S. Navy-designed vessel with a true submarine hull form, in which surface characteristics were subordinated to underwater performance. She possessed no weapon systems; her sole function was to conduct experiments. During her early trials, she set a new underwater speed record with improved control. From 1955 to 1971, Albacore served in five distinct phases of experimentation, carrying out tests of speed, depth changes and underwater maneuvering. Through a series of configurations, she provided the model for all future U.S. Navy and many foreign submarines that followed.
U.S. Navy scientists used Albacore as a floating laboratory to test sonar devices, hydrophones, diving brakes and emergency escape systems. She also served as a high-speed, almost noiseless target for anti-submarine warfare. In 1966, she again set a new submerged speed record, earning a reputation as the world’s fastest submarine. Albacore was retired from service in 1972, and transferred to the Portsmouth Submarine Memorial Association in 1984. She was placed in a permanent dry berth and opened to the public in October 1985.
USS Albacore is a National Historic Landmark and a Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark.